Published February 10, 202210 min read

Decentralized Finance Explained

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CoinMooner Team
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DeFi has been steadily turning into a key sort of contemporary investment since 2020. Decentralized finance protocols offer all available tools for earning and storing money. So, what is DeFi? Continue reading the article to get valuable info on DeFi, how it operates, and how to pocket good cash using it.

What Is DeFi?

DeFi stands for decentralized finance. This industry provides innovative financial instruments based on the blockchain. The main task of DeFi is to turn into a worthy alternative to the existing banking sector and replace all traditional technologies of the financial system with open-source protocols.

A greater number of people will get access to decentralized lending and new investment platforms. DeFi lets people get recurring revenue from their cryptocurrency assets. A considerable part of DeFi is based on the Ethereum blockchain. The number of the newest decentralized finance apps is gradually growing.

How Decentralized Finance Works

DeFi uses both smart contracts and digital money to offer financial services without intermediates. A smart contract or a separate ETH account stores funds instead of a traditional bank. When funds are requested, a smart contract is used for sending them according to arranged conditions.

The DeFi crypto code allows anyone to access the money right away without the fear of being rejected by banks, paying additional fees for transactions, and waiting days for payments processing. DeFi also allows borrowing and lending at much lower rates without long waits.

What Are the Components of DeFi?

To have DeFi explained, you should get a clear understanding of its components. This involves settlement, protocol, application, and aggregation layers. Let us have a closer look at them.

Settlement Layer

A settlement layer is the basis of all following DeFi projects. It consists of a public blockchain and digital currency. The coins are utilized to make payments across all DeFi apps. Ethereum can be a vivid example of this component.

Protocol Layer

DeFi uses various software protocols that regulate operations. The protocol layer establishes certain rules all participants of any DeFi sector must obey. So, it is the main condition of proper functioning of that sector. Consequently, the whole DeFi network is stable owing to the protocol layer.

Application Layer

The application layer is a vital part of any DeFi app, which is focused on a client. This layer contains the majority of the cryptocurrency ecosystem’s advantages, such as DEXs and loan services.

Aggregation Layer

The DeFi aggregation layer joins together all sorts of apps from the application layer to help shareholders. It may be an option for transferring money effortlessly across DeFi products to optimize revenue. The layer provides a great advantage because it would require tons of documents in a traditional banking institution. Therefore, investors can switch between investment activities instantly due to the properly organized aggregation level.

How to Start Investing

DeFi crypto is what a depositor needs to start investing. Consequently, a new client should set up a crypto wallet, buy DeFi coins, and participate in a protocol of choice. The whole process is effortless and is described below step by step.

Set up Your Crypto Wallet

A crypto wallet must be created to start investing in DeFi. New users should do the following:

  • Select a wallet type (mobile or desktop).
  • Download the wallet and install the software.
  • Set up a new account by filling in the necessary info.
  • Set a secure password and use two-step verification.
  • Get a secret key (a combination of twelve words) stored.
  • Top up the new wallet via bank transfer or credit card.
  • It is recommended to use a Coinbase Wallet to purchase DeFi coins. Now it is high time to buy them.

    Purchase Your DeFi Coins

    Upon setting up a crypto wallet, DeFi coins can be purchased. To do it, the following steps should be completed:

  • Enter the crypto wallet.
  • Check the ETH fees for depositing funds.
  • Switch to the “Trade” tab.
  • Purchase DeFi coins using ETH.
  • The current price is about $0.25 per DEFI. Now all possible investment tools can be utilized. But first, it is necessary to study what you can do with DeFi.

    Participate in Your Protocol of Choice

    Now it is high time to select a DeFi protocol and start investing. As of January 2022, the following top ten protocols are strongly recommended:

  • Uniswap
  • Compound
  • Nexus Mutual
  • Alpha Finance
  • Ren Protocol
  • Numerai
  • Ox Protocol
  • Balancer
  • Curve
  • YEarn
  • Each of the mentioned liquidity protocols provides investors with plenty of secure options for lending, transferring funds, trading tokens, funding ideas, storing deposits, purchasing insurances, etc.

    What Can You Do With DeFi?

    DeFi in cryptocurrency is what one needs to access diverse financial instruments. Thus, one can transfer money worldwide, borrow and lend funds, purchase insurances, trade tokens, and so on. We have prepared a list of options of what one can do with DeFi.

    Transfer money globally

    The ETH blockchain allows making all sorts of secure and instant financial transactions. It is simple to send money globally using DeFi. All one needs is a receiver’s ENS name and a crypto wallet.

    Purchase an insurance

    There are cases when cryptocurrency deposits can be stolen within seconds. Smart contracts can contain fatal bugs, making any funds they include permanently unavailable. These risks require new forms of insurance. DeFi crypto allows buying more transparent and cheaper insurance. Unlike centralized systems, DeFi insurance products offer more covers for various purposes.

    Access stable currencies

    Plenty of financial products have troubles with cryptocurrency volatility. DeFi stablecoins have solved this problem. The value of stablecoins is connected to euros or dollars. Using stablecoins also allows protecting savings from inflation.

    Trade tokens

    DeFi depositors can use decentralized exchanges to buy and sell various types of Ethereum tokens without intermediates. DEXs use smart contracts to facilitate trade between people. The DEXs main advantage is safety. Investors can also use options such as margin trading, perpetual contracts, limit orders, and others. Overall, DeFi crypto trading allows for access to worldwide liquidity.

    Stream money

    DeFi permits streaming cash using Ethereum. Thus, anyone can rent a car or pay for utilities by streaming money at any time it is necessary.

    Borrow funds

    A decentralized finance system is what a person needs to borrow funds without providing any credit history or personal data. There are two types of borrowing funds from decentralized services:

  • Pool-based. A lender sends money to special pools from which borrowers can take loans.
  • Peer-to-peer. This type implies that a borrower will have access to funds straight from a moneylender.
  • Using DeFi allows a borrower to access money deposited in pools globally. It makes loans more obtainable to users. Any client is not tied to a specific bank based on the place of residence or work.

    Start crypto savings

    DeFi provides customers with trustworthy tools for starting crypto savings instantly. Particularly, a potential investor can use lending and no-loss lotteries.

  • Lending. An investor can use this option to lend money and see how his/her funds are increasing in real-time. The most popular lending platforms are Aave, Maker, Uniswap, InstaDApp, and SushiSwap.
  • No-loss lotteries. This way of accumulating crypto savings is an innovative method of earning cash. It means that none of the investors’ deposits can ever be lost. All lottery participants make a pool of funds. Then, it is transferred to other DeFi protocols, which generate stable profit. Finally, all the lottery participants will earn interest.
  • Overall, what is the key advantage of DeFi is that it offers additional and protected instruments for extra earnings.


    For several years now, Ethereum has been considered a perfect crowdfunding platform. It can be credited from anywhere instantly. So, depositors can use DeFi to fund anything they wish and keep an eye on how the money is spent.

    Most Popular Types of DeFi Applications

    There are dozens of DeFi apps. Most of them offer clear conditions and investment schemes. Our experts recommend such trendy types as stablecoins, WBTC, lending platforms, and DEXs.

    Decentralized Exchanges (DEXs)

    Decentralized exchanges are abbreviated as DEXs. They allow a person to trade tokens of various sorts at any time. It is like a traditional currency exchange. DEXs operate around the clock based on a distributed ledger. It stores neither funds nor personal data of users. A DEX only provides a platform for trading users’ assets. Trading on such platforms is a peer-to-peer process without intermediaries.


    Stablecoins are digital assets whose value is directly connected to fiat currency or other assets with a stable price. DeFi governance systems have embedded software mechanisms that manage changes to smart contracts and other blockchain protocols. They are based on tokens distributing voting rights among stakeholders.

    Lending Platforms

    Investors can get profit from cryptocurrencies by lending them to someone. Experts state that DeFi crypto interest rates are much higher than a traditional financial institution can offer. The key advantage of DeFi lending platforms is that neither brokers nor banks are involved in this process. Smart contracts are used instead.

    “Wrapped” Bitcoins (WBTC)

    “Wrapped” Bitcoins is a comparatively original concept. However, it can be an imperative tool for DeFi liquidity. This technology is designed to transfer Bitcoin to the ETH blockchain. WBTC is mostly utilized in decentralized finance, meaning that it is going to become its vital part shortly.

    DeFi Prediction Markets

    The definition of DeFi prediction markets is rather simple. Such markets allow depositors to choose if something happens or not. People can make predictions on sports events, political rallies, inflation growth index, etc. Therefore, DeFi investors can pocket good cash by simply saying YES or NO.

    DeFi vs. Traditional Finance

    DeFi is often compared to traditional finance. People try to find the most vivid advantages and drawbacks to select the safest way to get revenue. Please scroll down to find the key differences in the table below.

    Decentralized Finance

  • A person holds money and fully controls it
  • Almost immediate money transfer
  • Everyone can openly use DeFi crypto
  • Financial markets operate 24/7/365
  • Any depositor can check the code and examine how the system operates
  • A depositor is always paid in case of successful investment
  • Traditional Finance

  • Companies manage an investor’s money
  • An average period of money transfer takes up to 3-5 business days owing to the human factor
  • A bank always knows a depositor’s identity
  • To use investment tools, one needs to submit an application
  • Banks always work according to a schedule with lunch breaks and weekends
  • Financial establishments don’t allow an investor to inspect their financial activity
  • Banks may block clients from getting paid without any explanation
  • Advantages and Disadvantages

    DeFi has its benefits and drawbacks as any other contemporary financial system. Please find the main pros and cons below.

    Advantages of DeFi

  • A perfect alternative to the customary financial system
  • Hi-tech open-source technology
  • The fastest-growing segment in the crypto market
  • A good instrument to get recurring revenue
  • Lack of human factor
  • High transparency means that transaction info is always accessible to any user
  • DeFi products may be launched for any project without permission from a bank
  • Opportunity to use financial services without intermediaries
  • Disadvantages of DeFi

  • Plentiful code errors can lead to losing investments
  • Low system performance results in launching additional apps
  • High risks of user errors
  • DeFi randomness does not allow users to find the most suitable app for investment quickly
  • The Current State of DeFi

    According to Bloomberg, the overall cost of digital assets locked in DeFi protocols skyrocketed from $18 billion in 2020 to $140 billion in 2021. However, DeFi is still at an early stage of its development. Analytics of the cryptocurrency market unanimously declare that DeFi has a great potential for becoming the leading financial instrument for all sorts of investments.

    As of today, what is called the DeFi ecosystem has been growing progressively. It is considered the real future of programmable money. DeFi apps fall into almost 20 various categories. These are staking, derivatives, lending, tokenization of assets, yield aggregators, marketplaces, etc.

    In Summary

    Overall, DeFi is a progressive financial destination for cryptocurrency assets. A depositor can use plenty of new tools to make a decent buck using DeFi investment options. It has lots of advantages compared to traditional finance. This innovative area has many chances to turn into the leading financial tool for profitable investments. Overall, DeFi is what a cryptocurrency owner needs to get recurring revenue.

    Frequently Asked Questions

    What Is DeFi?

    Decentralized finance under the name of DeFi is an innovative financial instrument based on the blockchain. It allows investors to get recurring revenue from any type of assets in cryptocurrency.

    Is Investing In DeFi Safe?

    Investing in DeFi is quite safe for those depositors who desire to put money in alternative channels. However, like any other investment type, DeFi comes with certain risks resulting from the overall market fluctuation.

    Why Is DeFi Important?

    DeFi is a cornerstone of the contemporary finance system of the newest generation. The flexible nature of DeFi can make investments more transparent and decrease financial scams.

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